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Тихоходные электрические машины большой мощности (Обзор зарубежных публикаций)

Юрий Николаевич Шумов, Александр Сергеевич Сафонов, Yury N. SHUMOV, Aleksander S. SAFONOV

Аннотация


Дан обзор зарубежных публикаций по мощным тихоходным электрическим машинам (до 30 МВт, 300 мин-1). Показаны конструктивные особенности гребных электродвигателей подводных лодок и надводных кораблей, а также ветрогенераторов наземных и морских ветроустановок. В системах электропривода греб­ных винтов асинхронные и синхронные двигатели мощностью более 1 МВт вытеснили двигатели постоянного тока. Безредукторный электропривод широко распространен в системах электродвижения кораблей и подвод­ных лодок, а также в ветроэнергетике. В конце статьи кратко сформулированы основные конструктивные и технологические особенности проектирования и создания мощных тихоходных электрических машин.

Ключевые слова


тихоходные электрические машины; области применения; особенности проектирования; технология изготовления; перспективные

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Литература


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The Offshore Wind Farm [Electron. resurs] https://www.merkuroffshore.com/company/ (Dаtа of appeal 06.04.2018).

2015 Wind technologies market report word energy resources [Electron. resurs] https://www.worldenergy.org/ wpcontent/uploads/2017/03/WEResources_Wind_2016.pdf (Data of appeal 12.05.2018).

A2SEA Hired to Install 102 East Anglia ONE Turbines [Electron. resurs] https://www.offshorewind.biz/2016/11/01/ a2sea hiredtoinstall102eastangliaoneturbines/ (Data of appeal 27.04.2018).

Polinder H. et. al. Сomparison of directdrive and geared generator concepts for wind turbines/IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion (Vol. 21, Iss. 3, Sept. 2006 ), 725 – 733 [Electron. resurs] https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1677663/ (Data of appeal 28.04.2018).

Keysan O. Future electrical generators // technologies offshore wind turbine Engineering & technology reference 2015, t 1[Electron. resurs] https://energyhub.theiet.org/users/60216-ozan- keysan/posts/19442-future-electrical-generator-technologies-for- offshore-wind-turbines (Data of appeal 13.05.2018).

Li H., Chen Z., Polinder H. Optimization of Multibrid Permanent-Magnet Wind Generator Systems. — IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 24(1): 82—92. April 2009 [Electron. resurs] https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/224385004_Optimization_of_Multibrid_Permanent-Magnet_Wind_ Generator_Systems (Data of appeal 21.06.2018).

Sethuraman L., Dykes K. (September 2017) GeneratorSE: A Sizing Tool for Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generators. NREL/TP-5000-66462, doi:10.2514/6.2017-1619 [Electron. resurs] https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy17osti/ 67444.pdf (Data of appeal 14.06.2028).

Bassham B.A. An evalution electric motors for ship propulsion. June 2003 [Electron. resyrs] http://www.fourwinds10. com/resources/uploads/files/motors.pdf (Data of appeal 29.04.2018)

Gieras J.F. Permanent magnet motor technology: design and applications 2010. — CRC Press.

Babg D. et al. Ring-shaped transverse flux PM generator for large direct-drive wind turbines. — 2009 Intern. conf. on power electronics and drive systems, PEDS 2009.

Design of Large Permanent Magnetized Synchronous Electric Machines:   Low Speed, High Torque Machines — Gererator for Diriect Driven Wind Turbine- Motor for Rim Driven Thruster / Thesis for the degree of PhD, Trondheim, NUST [Electron. resurs] https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/handle/11250/ 256994 (Data of appeal 01.07.2018).

Sinavy permasyn [Electron resurs] http://manualzz. com/doc/8578626/sinavy- permasyn (Data of appeal 23.05.2018).

The driving factor in the SEA 1000 Choice. The submarine propulsion chain / Asea Pacific Defence Reporter, Oct. 2015 [Electron. resurs] https://corporate.siemens.com.au/content/dam/ internet/siemens-com-au/root/aunz-defence-solutions/apdr- october-2015-issue-future-submarine.pdf (Data of appeal 01.06.2018).

Sinavi DC-Prop and Sinavy Permasin. Integrated Propulsion Solutions for Submarines [Electron. resurs] https://w3app. siemens.com/mcms/infocenter/dokumentencenter/cc/Infocenter LanguagePacks/SINAVY%20DC-Prop%20and%20SINAVY%20 PERMASYN%C2%AE/sinavy-dc-prop-permasyn.pdf (Data of appeal 03.06.2018).

Hodge C.G., Mattick D.J. The electric warship then, now and later. INEC,2008, Hamburg [Electron. resurs] http://www.bmtdsl.co.uk/media/6097927/BMTDSL-Electric- warship-then-now-and-later- Conpaper-INEC-Apr08.pdf (Data of appeal 11.05.2018).

Converteam’s Advanced Propulsion Motor to Undergo Tests in 2010 [Electron. resurs] https://www.naval-technology.com/ news/news64321-html/ (Data of appeal 30.05.2018].

Optimum Design of a Lightweight 10MW Propulsion Motor [Electron. resurs] http://www.lcdries.com/wp-content/ uploads/ 2017/08/ 179529_IEEE_report.pdf (Data of appeal 31.03.2018].

Polikarpova M. et al. Direct liquid cooling for an outer-rotor direct-drive permanent-magnet synchronous generator for wind farm applications // Electric Power Application IET. 2015, vol. 9, No. 8, 523—532 [Electron. resurs] http://digital-library.theiet.org/ content/journals/ 10.1049/iet-epa.2014.0342 (Data of appeal 24.05.2018) .

Wind Turbine Direct-Drive Permanent-Magnet Generator with Direct Liquid Cooling for Mass Reduction. Tesis diss. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland on the 25th of June, 2014 [Electron. resurs] http://www. doria.fi/bitstream/handle/ 10024/97223/ yulia%20vk%20A4%20% 2010%206%20. pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y (Data of appeal 07.05.2018)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24160/0013-5380-2019-2-60-66

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